PSY 492 M2 Assignment 3: Review Paper—Draft of Literature Findings Evaluate the evidence. Create a draft of the findings of the articles you have selected and how they contribute to our knowledge of this problem. Be sure to address each of the following items in your draft: 1. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of each piece. 2. If the articles talk to each other (that is, if they support or contrast with one another), explain how and why. 3. What does the evidence tell us? 4. Is there another possible explanation you can think of? Based on what you have read, what is your hypothesis? In other words, what is your explanation for the findings? 5. How can you refine your question or topic even further, now that you have described the findings? Your draft should be double-spaced and in 12 point, Times New Roman font with normal one-inch margins, written in APA style, and free of typographical and grammatical errors. It should include a title page with a running head and a reference page. The body of the paper should be at least 5-6 pages in length. You will submit your Review Paper next week, so be sure to incorporate the feedback you receive from your instructor on this assignment into your final paper for next week. You may also want to review the following documents that are available in the Doc Sharing area of the course: A sample literature review, a PowerPoint document illustrating how to set up your word processor for APA style a “Guide for Writing a Literature Review” This is the topic and articles the assignment is referring to: Perception is a process in that a person makes choices, puts things in order, and interprets information and events in order to create a meaningful image of the world. Individual perception varies despite their exposure to same reality, Kellman & Martha, (1998). For instance, a person can perceive a nice and honest neighbor to be a good person while another one will think he/she is a pretender. What makes individual perception so different, even if two individuals have been exposed to same conditions? Hazan & Stuart, (1991). There are several factors that obviously bring difference in individual perception. Such factors include age, sex, culture, and education/expertise. Individual perception, usually, develops in early life, so what brings such distinct differences in individuals at such as young age, Riding, (2001). Culture strongly influences the perception, since individuals tend to perceive things that are well that are perceived well by their culture. Factors affecting perception can be classified into three parts; factors in the one perceiving, in the actual situation, and also in the target. Contributing factors in the one who perceives involves attitude, reasons, experiences and what one expects, Fagot, (2000). An individual will perceive things based on their attitude towards that thing, and their motive towards it. Contributing factors in situation includes the time, and factors socially and at work. The target factors include novelty, movement, volume among other factors, Roberts, (2012). Individual perception is an interesting topic. It helps us to understand that individuals do not just interpret what he/she sees. The interpretation is based on individual characteristics, the environment and the features of what is being observed, Davidoff, (1975). Knowing various factors that determine individual perception can help us know why individuals behave in certain different ways. The phrase “seeing the world through rose colored lenses” shows that emotions, biases and interactions determine how we see the world, Davis, (2003). References Christman, Stephen D, Varalakshmi Sontam, & John D Jasper. Individual differences in ambiguous-figure perception: Degree of handedness and interhemispheric interaction. Perception Vol. 38, No. 8. Davis, L. E. (2003). Individual preparedness and response to chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological terrorist attacks. Rand. Davidoff, J. B (1975). Differences in visual perception: the individual eye. Academic Press. Roberts, L. (2012). Individual differences in second language learning. Wiley-Blackwell. Fagot, J. (2000). Picture perception in animals. Psychology Press. Hazan, V., and Stuart, R. (1991). Individual variability in the perception of cues to place contrasts in initial stops. Perception & Psychophysics Vol. 49, No. 2. Hentschel, U. (1986). The Roots of perception: individual differences in information processing within and beyond awareness. North-Holland. Kellman, P. J., & Martha E. A. (1998). The cradle of knowledge development of perception in infancy. MIT Press. Riding, R. J. (2001). Self-perception. Ablex Pub. Tavris, C. & Aronson, E. (2007) Mistakes were made (but not by me): Why we justify foolish beliefs, bad decisions, and hurtful acts. NY: Harcourt.