Question: A copy company wants to expand production. It currently has 20 workers who share eight copiers. Two months ago, the firm added two copiers,…
October 14, 2020
Managerial Economics W6
October 14, 2020
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An electrical utility is experiencing a sharp power demand that continues to grow at a high rate in a certain…

An electrical utility is experiencing a sharp power demand that continues to grow at a high rate in a certain local area.

Two alternatives are under consideration. Each is designed to provide enough capacity during the next 25 years, and both will consume the same amount of fuel, so fuel cost is not considered in the analysis.

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Alternative A.  Increase the generating capacity now so that the ultimate demand can be met without additional expenditures later. An investment of

$2222

million would be required, and it is estimated that this plant facility would be in

service for 25 years and have a salvage value of

$0.70.7

million. The annual operating and maintenance costs (including income taxes) would be

$0.60.6

million.

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Alternative B.  Spend

$2020

million now and follow this expenditure with future additions during the 10th year and the 15th year. These additions would cost

$2323

million and

$1616

million, respectively. The facility would be sold 25 years from now with a salvage value of

$1.11.1

million. The annual operating and maintenance costs (including income taxes) will be

$250 comma 000250,000

initially and will increase to

$0.350.35

million after the second addition (from the 11th year to the 15th year) and to

$0.450.45

million during the final 10 years. (Assume that these costs begin one year subsequent to the actual addition.)

On the basis of the present-worth criterion, if the firm uses

1414%

as a MARR, which alternative should be undertaken?

Note:

Adopt incremental cost approach.

Click the icon to view the interest factors for discrete compounding when

iequals=1414%

per year.

 

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