I’m studying and need help with a English question to help me learn.
Hello, below I have attached my dual assignments. All together it is (2) questions and I only need about 1.5 – 2 pages. 1/2 page each question page for each questions. Must be in APA format. I have attached material that could be very useful. Be sure to have a reference page and to cite everything properly.
Module 5: Assignment Four
Please copy each question before answering it (Question-Answer)
Q1- What do you believe are the perceptions versus the reality about sexuality in older adults? Do you believe these perceptions versus reality differ across gender lines, racial lines, and socioeconomic lines? Explain clearly. Use references to support your response. Minimum words: 250. (10 points)
Q2- Discuss the chronic diseases/illnesse that can impact the sexuality of older adults. Write in paragraphs to discuss different diseases. Discuss, at least, five diseases/illnesses. (10 points)
The assignments will consist of essay-type and short-answer type questions
Title of the book: Social Gerontology: A Multidisciplinary Perspective (Subscription), 10th Edition
Authors: Nancy R. Hooyman, Kevin Y. Kawamoto, and H. Asuman Kiyak
Year of Publication: 2018
Format: Adobe Reader
Format Access Code Card
Link to access the Revel edition of the Textbook
You can access your Revel edition of the book by clicking on the following link:
Video Links to Help;
Intimacy and the Elderly
Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ECJm3dMusc link to open resource.
Sexuality and Intimacy in Older Adults
Click http://www.gnjournal.com/article/S0197-4572(08)00266-8/pdf link to open resource.
At the end of this module students will be able to:
Module 5: Lecture Materials– Chapter 7 Love, Intimacy, and Sexuality in Old Age
Please read Chapter Seven
Sexuality is Life-Affirming and Adaptable
As highlighted throughout Chapter 7, sexuality is a positive life-affirming force and is affected by physical, psychological, social environmental and disease-related changes. The normal physiological changes that men and women experience in their sexual organs as they age do not inherently affect their sexual pleasure or lead to sexual dysfunction. Even chronic disease and disability do not necessarily eliminate sexual capacity. For example, many older persons, after adequate medical consultation, can resume sexual activity following a heart attack or stroke. Contrary to some myths about sexuality in old age, many people in their 70s and 80s enjoy sexual activities, and an even larger number express their sexuality in a wide range of intimate behaviors.
Older couples can adapt to age-related changes in sexual functioning in a variety of ways. Simply knowing that such changes are normal may help older people maintain their sexual self-esteem. Avoiding alcohol prior to sexual activity can be helpful, because while alcohol increases desire, it also decreases sexual ability. Health professionals need to be alert to medications that adversely affect sexual functioning, such as anti-hypertensives, tranquilizers, and antidepressants.
Emphasis on Psychosocial Factors
This chapter emphasizes how psychosocial factors tend to have the greatest influence on elders’ sexual behavior. Ageist myths, stereotypes, and jokes pervade views of sexuality in old age. Unfortunately, societal expectations about reduced sexual interest may mean that older people stop sexual activity long before they need to. These myths are changing, however, as the media, gerontologists, and other professionals convey the message that sex is not only permissible but desirable in old age. Any discussions about sexuality and old age must include LGBTQ individuals, take account of the range of sexual orientations and gender identities among older adults, and validate the flexibility of gender role behavior.
Importance of Touch for Elders
In professional work with older partners, definitions of sexuality need to be broadened beyond sexual intercourse. A variety of behaviors—such as touching, kissing, hugging, massage, and lying side by side—can contribute to sexual intimacy and satisfaction, even for older persons in long-term care facilities and those living with dementia. Touching older people—a handclasp or a back rub, for example—is especially important in homebound and institutional settings but needs to be tempered with awareness of cultural differences. Professionals and family members also need to be attentive to barriers to expressions of sexuality within long-term care facilities.
Awareness for Practitioners
Practitioners need to be sensitive to their clients’ sexual histories, values and life experiences, and to support them in making their own choices about their sexual behavior and expressions of sexuality, including the choice not to engage in sexual activity. Many of the current cohort of oldest-old grew up with taboos relating not only to intercourse but also to other forms of sexual activity, such as masturbation. They vary widely in terms of their comfort with sexual language and discussing sexual topics, and even their openness to learning more about sexuality. Providing them with accurate information is a critical first step, because many were raised not to talk about sex. Accordingly, older individuals are likely to need encouragement from professionals and family members if they are to be free to affirm their sexuality and to experience intimacy with others. This pattern is shifting, however, with the aging of the young-old and the baby boomers who are more open in their sexual attitudes and behaviors.
Module 5: Summary
Sexuality, a vital component of personality and of active aging, is a multidimensional construct that involves many aspects of a person’s being, including one’s self-concept, self-esteem, body image, and relationships. A person’s speech and movement, vitality, and ability to enjoy life are involved in sexuality. As with other facets of aging discussed throughout this text, sexuality encompasses physiological, emotional, intellectual, spiritual, behavioral, and cultural components and is affected by both personal and environmental factors. It is also an outcome of physical capacity, health status, motivation, attitudes, opportunity for partnership, and sexual behavior (Waite, Laumann, Das, & Schumm, 2009). As with all people of any age, intimacy and love for elders can be connected to sexuality, or separate, but unmistakably are vital components of a full life (Barusch, 2008).
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