For this Module’s SLP assignment read the following articles: Duncan, Emma. All creatures great and small. The Economist Sep 14, 2013; Vol. 408 (8853): 3. Accessed at http://www.economist.com/news/special-report/21585091-biodiversity-once-preoccupation-scientists-and-greens-has-become-mainstream. And Brazil’s conversion: Trees of knowledge. The Economist Sep 14, 2013; Vol. 408 (8853): 13. Accessed at http://www.economist.com/news/special-report/21585096-how-brazil-using-education-technology-and-politics-save-its-rainforest-trees. Write a 3- to 4-page page paper discussing the following: Why did the Paragominas support their mayor? Address the following in your answer: What level of biodiversity does the Brazilian Amazon support? What is deforestation and why is it practiced? How does deforestation affect the Brazilian Amazon? What is the history behind the fight against deforestation? Who spoke out against it? What role did the population of Brazil play in changing Paragomias from a logging town to a site of environmental protection? What role did the Brazilian federal environmental police play and how were they appointed initially? How do education and technology play a role in reducing deforestation in Brazil?
May 17, 2020
Foundation of evidence base practice
May 18, 2020
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MOD4

Part I

To prepare for this article, in paragraph format (one paragraph should be plenty):

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  1. Define “invasive species” using the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) website: National Invasive Species Information Center. USDA. https://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/unitedstates/state.shtml
  2. Provide three examples of invasive species in your region.
  3. Define “endemic species,” and provide an example of an endemic species from anywhere in the world. If you can find an example of an endemic species in your region, please include it as well.

Now read the article Political Responses: Where eagles dare. (2013, Sep 14). The Economist, 408(8853):9. Accessed at http://www.economist.com/news/special-report/21585083-more-prosperous-countries-now-favour-protecting-wildlife-not-killing-it-where-eagles on August 16, 2016.

After you have read the article, answer the following questions in paragraph format by using an introduction sentence, related topic sentences, and a conclusion statement that draws connections between the ideas presented. You should be able to address all questions in Part I in 1–2 paragraphs.

  1. Name some ways that governments are trying to redress threats against endemic species. Briefly describe the examples presented in this article.
  2. What is described as the biggest challenge for governments?
  3. How are governments addressing this challenge?

Part II

With habitat loss, less land and resources means lower carrying capacity. For the second part of this assignment, you will apply the readings from your Module 4 Home page to two cases in which conservation of habitat applies to carrying capacity and economics. Choose one of these large predators to investigate: African predators (lions, hyenas, etc.), cougars (mountain lions), or polar bears.

  1. What size of land/water is required to support this animal?
  2. What pressures threaten this organism’s habitat?
  3. What role does international trade and political regulation play in protecting this organism? Are these in place and enforced?

Resources

Available via Summon in the Trident Online Library:

Haywarda, M. W., O’Brien J., & Kerley, G. I. H. (2007). Carrying capacity of large African predators: Predictions and tests. Biological Conservation. 139:219–229.Glick, H. B. (2014). Modeling cougar habitat in the Northeastern United States. Ecological Modeling. 285:78-89.

Websites

Wildlife Conservation Society at www.wcs.org

Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife at wdfw.wa.gov/living/cougars.html

Polar Bears International at www.polarbearsinternational.org

Part III

Finally, examine the costs and benefits of conservation using the Montgomery Botanical Centre as a case study. View the results of a study on the costs and benefits of preserving a collection of plants at the following site: http://www.bgci.org/resources/article/0634/. In 1–2 paragraphs summarize the following, using complete sentences:

  1. What are the costs associated with maintaining this collection (generally speaking, not exact numbers)?
  2. What are the benefits of preserving this collection and how are they measured? (Hint: They are described as “conservation success.”)
  3. What part of this collection gives diminishing returns and why?
  4. How does collection size relate to efficiency of management of the collection?
  5. When is it most valuable to preserve a plant species?

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