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PICOT Question: How do adolescents diagnosed with HIV perceive social support, promotion, and medical gaps during the decade?

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The number of HIV- positive adults has become an increasing the issue due to the increasing the number of patients. According to the UNICEF,1.8 million adolescents are living with HIV worldwide, and more 1.5 million number of cases lives in Africa. More Analysis of this number revealed HIV-positive adolescents girls accounted for two-thirds of new adolescents’ infection. Young adults between the age of 15-19 made up 16% of new adult infections worldwide.in Africa, adolescents’ girls are the most prone adolescents to be infected with the virus.as compared to boys, adolescent girls were twice as likely to get HIV.

Th main mode of infection among adolescents is unprotected sex.in Africa,85% of all new infection were as a result of having unprotected sex.Adolescents don’t use contraception they don’t have enough knowledge about the sex how to do healthy sex and protect their self from the infection due how people going to judge them and specially in Africa because people still follow the other culture you should not have sex in certain age because they follow the strict the culture preference. The financial and technological status of the countries specially in the poor and Asian courtiers is responsible for the HIV in the adolescents. The lack of the proper technology in the health care institution is responsible for the making gap between the planning, treatment, and distribution of antiviral drugs difficult.in Africa there is lack of the budget due to the poor management purchase and distribution of the antiretroviral drugs leaving HIV positive adolescents to the drugs themselves. Also, the poor living standards of low income of adults lead them to resort using sex for the daily earning. The poor financial conditions of most regions in Africa need to be addressed to cater to medical gaps and to enhance the provision of antiretroviral drug among infected youth. This paper analysis six articles to find out the HIV perception, social support and protection, and medical gaps which exists in adolescents over the last decade.

PICOT Question: How do adolescents diagnosed with HIV perceive social support, promotion, and medical gaps during the decade?

Criteria Article 1 Article 2 Article 3
APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink Okawa, S., Mwanza-Kabaghe, S., Mwiya, M., Kikuchi, K., Jimba, M., Kankasa, C., & Ishikawa, N. (2017). Adolescents’ experiences and their suggestions for HIV serostatus Disclosure in Zambia: a Mixed-Methods study. Frontiers in public health, 5, 326 Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5736526/

Bloch, S., (2018). HIV in Ukraine: An Everlasting Epidemic? Assessment of knowledge, behaviour change, tolerance towards people living with HIV, and accessibility of healthcare services for HIV among adolescent girls and young women in Ukraine. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/her/article/14/4/473/693716 Li, R. J., Jaspan, H. B., O’Brien, V., Rabie, H., Cotton, M. F., &Nattrass, N. (2010). Positive futures: a qualitative study on the needs of adolescents on antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. AIDS Care, 22(6), 751-758.Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09540120903431363
How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?
Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)
Purpose Statement
Research Question
Outcome
Setting

(Where did the study take place?)

Sample
Method
Key Findings of the Study
Recommendations of the Researcher
Criteria Article 4 Article 5 Article 6
APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink Wong, V. J., Murray, K. R., Phelps, B. R., Vermund, S. H., &McCarraher, D. R. (2017). Adolescents, young people, and the 90–90–90 goals: a call to improve HIV testing and linkage to treatment. AIDS (London, England), 31 (Suppl 3), S191. Retrieved from www.aidsmap.com/Study-identifies-serious-gaps-in-treatment-and-care-of-HIV-positive-adolescents-in-sub-Saharan-Africa/page/3151096/ Toth, G., Mburu, G., Tuot, S., Khol, V., Ngin, C., Chhoun, P., & Yi, S. (2018). Social-support needs among adolescents living with HIV in the transition from pediatric to adult care in Cambodia: findings from a cross-sectional study.AIDS research and therapy, 15(1), 8 Retrieved from https://aidsrestherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12981-018-0195-x Armstrong, A., Nagata, J. M., Vicari, M., Irvine, C., Cluver, L., Sohn, A. H., … & Ross, D. (2018). A global research agenda for adolescents living with HIV. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 78(1), S16. Retrieved from https://journals.lww.com/jaids/FullText/2018/08151/A_Global_Research_Agenda_for_Adolescents_Living.4.aspx
How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?
Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)
Purpose Statement
Research Question
Outcome
Setting

(Where did the study take place?)

Sample
Method
Key Findings of the Study
Recommendations of the Researcher

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